Politics is a set of people and activities, associated with decision making in groups as well as the distribution of power relations between individuals, such as resources, human skill and status. The branch of social science that studies politics and government is known as political science. Different methods are used in politics, including propagating one’s political views among the people, negotiating with other political subjects, making laws, and enforcing them. The history of political thought is very ancient, with major works such as Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Politics in the West, Confucius’ Political Manuscripts, and Chanakya’s Economics in the East.
The study of politics is called political science or political art; it comprises numerous subfields, including comparative politics, political economy, international relations, political philosophy, public administration, public policy, gender, and political methodology. Furthermore, political science is related to the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, geography, psychology, research and technology, anthropology, and neurosciences. The political system defines the process of making official government decisions. It is usually compared to the legal system, economic system, cultural system and other social systems. Each political system is established in a society with its own political culture, and in turn shapes their society through public policy. Interactions between different political groups are the basis of global politics.
Forms of government
Forms of government are classified in many ways. In terms of power structure, monarchies, including constitutional monarchies and republics, are usually presidential, semi-presidential, or parliamentary. In a democracy, political legitimacy is based on sovereignty. Forms of democracy include representative democracy, direct democracy and demarcation. It is divided by the way decisions are made, whether by elected representatives, by referendum or by a civil jury. Democracy can be either a republic or a constitutional monarchy. Oligarchy is a power structure where a minority rules. A federation, also known as a federal state, is a political body represented by a union of partially autonomous provinces, states, or other territories under a central federal government. The self-governing status of the States in the federations, as well as the division of power between them and the Central Government, is generally constitutionally incorporated and cannot be changed by a unilateral decision of any party, state, or union.
The constitution is a written document that clarifies and limits the functions and responsibilities of the various branches of government. To achieve control and balance within the state, constitutions often divide the government into executive, legislature, and judiciary. Faith in political culture and flow is the main factor, because its level determines the state’s ability to function, As far as political culture is concerned with issues that are not of immediate material or material concern, such as human rights and environmentalism. Religion also has an effect on political culture. Political corruption is the use of power for illicit private gain by government officials or their other contacts.
Democracy is a system of processing conflict, the outcome of which depends on what the participants do. Uncertainty of results is inherent in democracy. Democracy frequently fights all forces for the realization of their interests and exchanges power from groups of people to sets of rules. Equality is a state of affairs in which all people in a particular society or a separate group has the same social status, especially socio-economic status, including protection of human rights and dignity and equal access to certain social goods and social services.
Political freedom, also known as political liberty is a central concept in political thought and one of the most important features of democratic societies. The 20th century saw the beginning of political globalization through intergovernmental organizations and supernatural unions. The League of Nations was founded after First World War and was replaced by the United Nations after Second World War.